Child year. 3 questions about crawling and walking
From birth, the motor and neurological development of the baby is aimed at achieving a single goal - upright position and walking. Finally, the day comes when your baby sets off on its own to come ... into your arms! We tell how to provide home conditions for the development of this important skill.
Taking the first steps, the kid moves, swaying from side to side: he is still unsteady on his feet. In addition, he spreads his legs very widely, because the wider the foundation, the easier it is to maintain balance.
In the first weeks the baby often falls. This is completely normal! Falls and rises are also part of the training. Do not worry, let him walk around the house (after removing all the potentially dangerous items for him), but constantly look after him. Trust the baby: his fall rarely causes him harm and in most cases ends in a pair of bruises or bumps. However, if after a severe fall the baby’s behavior seems suspicious (especially if it is apathetic or nauseous), consult a doctor immediately.
First steps: at what age?
Usually, children take their first independent steps by about twelve months. However, the range is very large. If the majority of children begin to walk in the period from ten to sixteen months, and some by the year already run, then others will go only to eighteen months. In addition, the baby will need a few more months to truly get used to walking. The speed of this development is influenced by several factors.
- Body type: a small child learns to keep his balance and walk faster than a plump one.
- Muscle tone: differs in all children and depends primarily on the child's genotype.
- The formation of neural connections: they give the child a sense of distance and space.
- Temperament: a curious and courageous child, feeling safe and trusting to his surroundings, will go before the restless or more contemplative child.
- Rhythm of development: some children pay more attention to observing the world around them, mastering speech or fine motor skills, rather than the first steps. You can not learn everything at the same time!
- Motivation is your role ... However, we do not advise you to act too intrusive.
3 parents questions
“My child is a year old, and he is still not crawling on all fours. Is this a sign of developmental delays? ”
Some children completely miss this stage of development, like crawling. Having missed the stage of walking on all fours, the child may not master the coordinated movement of the arms and legs. Our advice: so that your baby learns to move on all fours, never plant it until it learns it. Otherwise, he will remain in a sitting position and will not move. To repeat: it is extremely important to allow the baby to play on the floor as much as possible - this is how his own sensory-motor experience will appear.
“Will a premature baby learn to walk longer?”
This may indeed be the case; The reason for this may be postures in which the child was forced to lie in an incubator for premature babies, lack of communication with the world around him, as well as increased irritability of the senses.
But besides - and above all - this is due to the fact that the baby was born too early. It is perfectly normal that a baby born two months before the due date will get up only by thirteen to fourteen months or even later. This lag will subsequently gradually smooth out. With significant prematurity or in identifying delayed psychomotor development, kinesitherapy or psychomotor development sessions may be very useful.
"A few weeks ago, my baby took the first steps, but since then he no longer walks ..."
Do not worry. A new sense of independence, which gives the child walking, is very interesting for him, but at the same time it scares him. There is nothing surprising in the fact that the child alternates the triumphal sensation he receives from walking with periods of regression when he begins to crawl on all fours again or refuses to let go of your hand. After a few days or weeks, he will start training again - and he will probably be more confident on his feet.
How to encourage a child to walk?
Do not constantly leave it in the arena or high chair. Let him play on the floor in a tight and safe space. You can even use chairs and other furniture to create a kind of “route” for it and spread out toys that attract it. Sit in front of him, at his height: so he wants to get to you. Help him only when he really needs it, and encourage him, but never try to force him.
To teach a child to rise, create for him small obstacles that he needs to overcome. Such an obstacle could be, for example, a stair tread (but do not forget to follow the child!). Play ball games to strengthen your baby’s muscles and develop his coordination and sense of balance.
Whenever possible, let your baby walk barefoot around the house. This is an ideal way for a child to gain a sense of balance, to feel that the floor is a support, and to strengthen the muscles of the foot.
Offer your child to walk on soft surfaces, for example, on a mattress placed on the floor. It will amuse it, develop a sense of contact with the supporting surface and a sense of balance.
How to avoid back pain, leading the kid by the hand
A little trick that will allow you to be at the same height with a baby without back pain. For several weeks or even months, the baby will hold your hand. In order not to upset his balance, try not to raise his hands too much: they should not turn out to be above his head. So that you do not have to lean too much, arm yourself with two handles from a mop and hold them in front of you, like ski poles. The child will grab them at the right height, and you will not tire your back too much.
Move with his speed on the street and at home: do not forget that the baby’s legs are shorter than yours!
The first shoes for the baby, designed exclusively for walking on the street, should be chosen very carefully. This should be a fairly soft shoes with a high back, tight-fitting leg, with a stiff leg and lace-up, ensuring the correct setting of the foot. Shoes are best to choose leather, with non-slip and not completely flat sole. Make sure that there is enough space inside the boot so that the baby can move his toes freely.
Do not refuse improvised means that can help your baby when walking. Toys for walking develop motor skills and strengthen the muscles of the legs, moreover, they help the child to gain balance and master the correct movements when walking. Such toys should be strong and light at the same time. Everything that turns can be useful. However, do not buy a walker: they are dangerous and do not bring any benefit.