Feel your skin: fight atopic dermatitis
Sometimes sensitive skin is much more than a marketing device for cosmetics manufacturers. You may have noticed that sometimes after a shower gel or lotion irritation appears: the skin turns red and itches. Agree, unpleasant. But imagine for a second that such a reaction occurs on almost all potential allergens and does not go for weeks. This is how babies who suffer from atopic dermatitis feel - and according to some sources, this is almost every fifth child!
Atopic dermatitis: external signs
Externally, this disease manifests itself in the form of severe itching, redness and rash on the skin, most often in sensitive areas: on the bends of the limbs, chest, face or scalp, on the feet and palms, but, for example, in infancy such foci of irritation can spread on the back and belly. The problem lies in the immune failure and simultaneous damage to the cells of the epidermis. As a result, the skin reacts to any, even the most minor irritants - first with itching, dryness and redness, and then erosion, thickening and coarsening.
Treatment giving results
Today you can prevent such a development of events if you choose the right treatment regimen for your child. First of all, if possible, its contact with potentially harmful substances such as household chemicals, dust, pet dander and food allergens should be excluded.
If the observance of precautionary measures did not help, it is necessary, without delay, to start using the so-called emollient preparations that moisturize and soften the skin. They will improve the skin condition of the child, relieve dryness and prepare for the main treatment. Currently, drugs based on topical calicineurin inhibitors, for example, pimecrolimus, are considered the most promising therapy.
What medicine to choose
Pimecrolimus as an active component of therapy against atopic dermatitis is highly effective and is suitable even for the youngest children and especially sensitive areas of the body.
Topical calcineurin inhibitors can be used for long-term therapy, which is often required for atopic dermatitis - after all, it is a chronic disease.
If you compare these drugs with hormonal drugs - topical corticosteroids (TKS), which were once the most popular treatment for atopic dermatitis, the difference will be very significant.
Despite their quick and noticeable effect, TKSs have serious drawbacks, which may not appear immediately, but months and even years after the use of the drug. They can not be used on areas of sensitive skin, where, as a rule, a large part of the rash is located. Do not forget about the side effects. TKS can cause such skin lesions as scars and ulceration, purpura, dilation of blood vessels, hyperpigmentation, erosion, thinning of the skin. In addition, their use increases the likelihood of developing skin infections, both microbial and fungal - often they provoke inflammatory processes, and in some cases it is possible that intraocular pressure may increase, which can lead to the development of cataracts and glaucoma.
Finally, long-term use of hormonal creams and ointments reduces the effectiveness of treatment, and their cancellation causes deterioration. Including for this reason, at present, hormones are practically not used as the sole and main therapy for atopic dermatitis, but may supplement treatment with calcineurin inhibitors for severe exacerbations.
That's why, if suddenly a doctor prescribed hormonal therapy exclusively for your child, ask why - perhaps such “heavy artillery” is not justified in your case, and sufficiently safe emollients. Child health in the future is a worthy excuse to study the problem from all sides, right?