Growing cucumbers in the open field: seedlings are not needed
Starting from May 20 to mid-June, you can sow cucumbers in open ground. However, such a bed will still require covering material - in case of cold nights and to protect against excessive evaporation of moisture. We tell how to prepare a bed, sow seeds and care for cucumbers.
How to prepare a bed for cucumbers and sow seeds
Cucumber ridges are prepared in advance in a warm and lighted place, where pumpkin crops (cucumbers, zucchini, squash) were not cultivated in the previous year — to prevent contamination of diseases and the appearance of pests.
We dig up a bed up to 70 cm wide to the depth of a spade bayonet. Then we scatter organic fertilizer, domestic peat, compost, manure humus - at the rate of up to 5 kg per 1 m2. Then scatter granulated complex fertilizer "Agricola for pumpkin crops." One package (50 g) is enough for 3-4 m2. After this, we take the iron rake and level the soil with organic mineral fertilizers on the depth of the teeth of the rake. The flattened bed is easily tamped with a board or plywood. After that, in the middle along the bed we make a groove with a depth of 2-3 cm - we simply impose a rail on the bed and press it, it turns out a smooth groove.
Then we prepare a hot solution: in 10 l of water with a temperature of 50 ° C we dilute 2 capsules of the Energen liquid stimulator, mix well and pour a groove from the kettle, sparing no solution (it is better to spill the groove twice).
Now we take the dry seeds of the self-fertile cucumber hybrids and sow in the furrow: seed from seed at a distance of 50-60 cm. After that you need to hand press the ground to the seed.
Sown seeds from above are not watered, and the entire surface of the bed is powdered with ground hot black pepper (you can mix it with red). We do this so that the swollen seeds are not damaged by the ants, the sprouts that appear do not eat the slugs and do not gnaw the mice - the pepper scares them well.
And the last procedure is to tighten the bed with a covering non-woven material, preferably with a double layer.
Caring for cucumbers: watering and feeding
When shoots appear, covering material should be lifted above the bed - with the help of arcs or wire stretched at a height of 1-1.5 m. To the same wire, later, during the appearance of 2-3 true leaves, tie cucumber bushes.
If you do not cover the bed, the cucumber leaves from the bright sun become very rough, hard and prickly, break, turn yellow, turn brown, and the ovary at the same time turn yellow and dry. Harvest is fading fast. If cucumbers are self-pollinated (the varieties Masha, Herman, Marinda have proved themselves well), cover material is not removed during the summer, with the exception of watering, fertilizing and harvesting.
If cucumbers are bee-pollinated (Crane, Lord, Farmer, Parker), covering material during flowering is half lifted from the warm, windless side.
During the summer period, cucumbers feed almost every 7 days mainly with organic and mineral fertilizers.
Root top dressings begin to do 3 weeks after emergence of shoots and are carried out regularly during the summer period:
- For 10 liters of water, 2 capsules of Energen growth stimulator are diluted; solution consumption is up to 3 liters per 1 m2;
- At 10 liters of water diluted 1 tbsp. spoon granulated fertilizer "Agricola-5 for cucumber." Consumption - up to 3-4 liters per 1 m2;
- At 10 liters of water bred 2 tbsp. spoons of liquid organic fertilizer "Effecta-O", consumption - up to 4 liters per 1 m2;
- At 10 liters of water diluted 1 tbsp. Spoon nitrofoski and 2 tbsp. spoons of liquid organic fertilizer "Agricola Vegeta", solution consumption - 5 l per 1 m2;
- At 10 liters of water bred 2 tbsp. spoons granulated complex "Agricola for cucumbers", spending on 1 m2 up to 3 liters of solution;
- At 10 liters of water is diluted 2-3 tbsp. spoons of liquid organic fertilizer "Agricola Aqua" from yellowing leaves.
Fertilizing is carried out every 7-8 days, strictly watching the watering. Water only with warm water at least 3 times a week.
Prior to fruiting, weeding and loosening are the most important care activities. The last loosening is carried out when the plants have 4-5 true leaves and are still vertical. It is desirable to combine it with a little podokuchivaniem (even better - pouring humus to the base of the plants).
Scourge of cucumbers left 1-1.2 m long, then pinch the top, side shoots pinch at a length of 40-50 cm.