Influenza 2016: how to deal with the epidemic?
The seasonal exacerbation of the flu this year was somewhat delayed, but only in order to attack us with a vengeance. Three main strains of the virus are raging in Russia and abroad, the most dangerous of which is H1N1, “swine flu”, which already scores on its victims for dozens. What is happening, and how to protect against this?
About the epidemic
"Swine flu" is not the most dangerous of the known types of flu, and die from it, according to statistics, not so often - 6-7 per 10 thousand patients. But the main danger is not so much the disease, but the complications after it. First we list the symptoms - fever, cough and runny nose, sore throat, muscles, and sometimes severe nausea.
The disease proceeds rapidly, rarely longer than a week, but if the body is not ready for it, then weakened immunity will not be able to withstand complications, the most dangerous of which can be considered a group of pneumococcal infections. By the way, the pneumococcal group is especially dangerous for children, so it’s necessary to pay attention to prevention! Pay attention to the fact that almost all those who died from the flu and related complications were not vaccinated - be sure to vaccinate the child and yourself.
Some doctors believe, not without reason, that it is too late to be vaccinated at the height of the epidemic - the immune response of the vaccine in the body comes from one to three weeks. The idea is correct, but only in two cases: if the epidemic has already been widely cleared in your locality or if you yourself are already sick. If the epidemiological situation around is not critical - immediately vaccinate, and think one step further and make a “knight's move”, that is, vaccination immediately from both the flu and pneumococcus. Even if you do not stand before the flu, then protect yourself from complications, and this can, without exaggeration, save not only your health, but also the lives of you and your loved ones.
Where and how can you get infected
Of course, you can get infected anywhere, but public transport, premises at work, where colleagues are with you all day, and other public institutions such as a school, a garden, places of common rest like cinemas are most dangerous. Not only can someone sneeze next to you - the usual handshake is no less dangerous, but as a rule no one pays attention to it. Indeed, what is it - but after all, a person could wipe his mouth or nose with this hand a minute before, and it is unlikely that he immediately used an alcohol wipe or washed his hands thoroughly.
Many during the epidemic begin to wear medical masks and consider them almost a panacea. The mask, of course, will not be superfluous, but it should be worn primarily for those who are ill, and not for healthy people. In fact, no one thinks that the mask can stop the virus - only vaccines are capable of this, but it is quite possible for the mask to prevent the patient from “clearing” saliva droplets with the virus around him.
And one more important point - in the period of the epidemic, it is necessary to air the room more often and be in the fresh air. In dry and standing air, especially in the winter during the heating season, the virus spreads instantly, but in humid and moving air it collapses. By the way, for the same reason, you need to drink more and keep the mucous membrane moist - when your mouth dries out, the virus enters the body almost unhindered. Therefore, walk a little more, drink water, especially saline solutions for rehydration of the body and air more often!
What if you still get sick
First of all, you need to stay at home or leave your child at home. Missed classes at school will be possible to catch up, but the damage to health may be aggravated, not to mention the fact that the child can infect those who are still healthy. And you don’t need to go to work for the same reasons - it’s unlikely the employer will have serious complaints to you because you don’t want to send the entire team to the hospital. Cover your mouth and nose when you sneeze, wash your hands more often and wear a medical mask.
And immediately call the doctor at home! Of course, many people are used to treating themselves, and antibiotics can be bought to this without a prescription at any pharmacy, and television advertising, which gently advises: if you are sick, then just one pill and you are on your feet.
What's bad about it? Only that a doctor should prescribe a course of treatment, not you, even if it be the same antibiotics that you yourself were going to buy. The difference is that with self-treatment you can make the virus resistant to many of the drugs used, and it will be much more difficult to cure it - and while the doctors are looking for the keys to victory over the “trained” virus, complications will attack you.
It is not always possible to get to the doctor, especially in the first days of illness, but sometimes answers are needed immediately - and in this case, people sit at the computer and search online forums looking for similar situations to find out what others did and what helped them. In such a situation, no one is embarrassed that ordinary people write it, not doctors, that is, not at all specialists.
Especially to ensure that everyone can get answers to questions without a visit to the clinic, there is a site www.yaprivit.ru (www.yaprivit.rf). In addition to the information collected about vaccines and diseases, you can independently ask the expert if you do not find the answer in the already published ones. And the level of experts speaks for itself: the chief epidemiologist of the Ministry of Health of Russia, academician of the Russian Academy of Sciences, professor, head of the department of epidemiology and evidence-based medicine at the First Moscow State Medical University. THEM. Nikolay Briko Sechenov, Professor, Doctor of Medical Sciences, Head of the Laboratory for Vaccine Prevention and Immunotherapy for Allergic Diseases, NIIVS them. I.I. Mechnikova ”Mikhail Kostinov, Professor, MD, head of the department for the prevention of infectious diseases at the Research Institute of Pediatric Infections, Susanna Kharit and many others.