Child health: what is dangerous first grade?
When a child goes “for the first time to the first grade,” we, moms and dads, think mostly about whether the child will study well, whether the promising school has been chosen enough, whether the first grader will be diligent. And what do we know about the health of schoolchildren?
Doctors and hygienists make disappointing conclusions: the number of healthy schoolchildren is decreasing every year. According to various sources, up to 90% of children by the end of school have chronic diseases. Some pathologies develop already during study:
- Myopia (myopia);
- Impaired posture
This is followed by vegetative dystonia, neurosis, injuries in physical education classes and at recess. In addition, during the first years of school, the child repeatedly endures a wide variety of infectious diseases, including respiratory and intestinal diseases.
Among the diseases of the organs of vision, myopia leads, followed by hyperopia and astigmatism. The reasons for this are high loads on the eyes at school and when doing homework, a computer, a TV, and various electronic toys. A great role is also played by heredity.
If you see that the child squints, brings the book close to his face, complains of pain in his eyes, you should consult a doctor.
How to prevent?
- Regularly do gymnastics for the eyes with the child, training the muscles of the eyes - look from a close object to a far one, alternately rotate the eyes clockwise and counterclockwise;
- Children's writing desk should be equipped with a good lamp, and the light from the window should fall to the left;
- There should be a distance of at least 40 centimeters between the book (notebook) and the child’s eyes;
- After school, the child should rest - it takes about an hour to sit down for lessons;
- If a student performs many tasks on a computer, then it is worth remembering the norm recognized by ophthalmologists - the total time spent at the monitor for children should not exceed 30 minutes a day.
The culprit of gastritis is the bacterium Helicobacter pylori. It lives in the stomach of 80% of the population of the Earth, but manifests itself only if the body is weakened. A child experiencing a serious educational and emotional load, but completely refusing to eat good at school or eating chips and buns, is at risk of developing gastritis. Complaints of gas, nausea, belching - a direct indication of a visit to a gastroenterologist.
How to prevent?
- Follow the diet. Especially carefully - if your child regularly attends mugs or other extra classes;
- Try to feed the child mostly homemade food, and fast food and soda leave for special occasions. Do not forget that the children's stomach is still very poor in tolerating fatty, smoked, fried and spicy dishes;
- If the child is very excitable or impressionable, try to reduce the psycho-emotional stress - then the eating habits normalize faster;
- At the first manifestations of heartburn, you can use antacid and adsorbing agents, and then consult a doctor for a full examination.
If in the first grades from one half to one third of the children have a healthy back, then to the older classes, this ratio changes for the worse - only 2-3% of adolescents remain without postural disorders. The rest suffer from asymmetry, kyphosis, scoliosis, lordosis, and other pathologies of the musculoskeletal system. This is due to the incorrect fit at the desk and at the desk at home, heavy briefcases, even worse - bags on one shoulder, low physical activity and, as a result, a weak muscular corset of the back. It is also important that in many schools the furniture does not correspond to the anthropometric data of children.
How to prevent?
- To ensure that the child has a straight back when walking, the shoulder blades are deployed, the stomach is retracted, and the head is proudly raised;
- If the child is sitting at the table, his legs, elbows and back must necessarily have a support. The table should be 2-3 cm higher than the elbow of the child’s lowered hand in a sitting position;
- Ensure that the child does not do homework, sitting in a chair or lying on the couch - only at the table;
- It is best for the student to sleep on a special orthopedic mattress;
- Again, sports and physical education are necessary - this is a guarantee of correct posture!
The causes of frequent respiratory viral diseases are clear. A large accumulation of children in a closed and often stuffy room with artificial ventilation and rare airing greatly helps the sharing of viruses between children. And some of them come to school already with a cold or cough ... Often a sick child, moreover, who has not attended kindergarten, is likely to become a victim of such contact. Schoolchildren with strong immunity will survive.
How to prevent?
- Try to have your child spend at least one and a half to two hours a day in the open air, and not only in the warm season;
- Teach your child to wash hands regularly with soap or use disinfecting wipes / sprays outside the home, and not to touch his face with dirty hands during the day;
- Talk with your pediatrician about possible flu vaccinations.
The main thing - do not send the child to classes if he has the first symptoms of ARVI or if the disease is not completely cured. So you save the health of your own child and many others.
Recommendations for the prevention of completely different diseases are very similar. It is the strengthening of immunity, proper nutrition, adherence to the regime and mandatory physical activity. It is necessary to put a lot of effort into it, but the reward for this will be a healthy, active child who will easily endure adaptation at school and quickly become involved in a new life.