The ninth of July is the day of David the strawberry. To this day, wild strawberries ripen in the forests and meadows of central Russia. Girls and women in the old days took baskets and baskets and walked along the berries. "The first berry is put in the mouth, and the second one is carried home."
Forest strawberry (Fragaria vesca L.) is a perennial herb of the Rosaceae family, reaching a height of 5-20 cm, with creeping shoots. The rhizome of strawberries is short with numerous roots. Stems erect or ascending, covered with light fuzz. The leaves are trifoliate, basal, dark green above, softly pubescent, bluish-green with long petiole below.
The flowers are white with 5 petals, collected in inflorescences in the form of an umbrella of 3-5 flowers. Flowering strawberries in May - June. Fragrant fruit - false berries ovate or round shape, representing the expanded receptacle bright red color. And the real fruits of the plant are small yellowish-brownish seeds, immersed in the pulp of the berries.
Forest strawberries were used by our ancestors in the Stone Age.
This plant was well known to the ancient Greeks and Romans, who appreciated strawberries for their wonderful aroma and taste.
The generic name of the strawberry comes from the Latin fragare - fragrance and vescus - edible. Strawberries were mentioned in their works by Virgil and Ovid. And her healing properties were first described by Apuleius. Strawberries valued in ancient Russia.
The strawberry fruits contain vitamins: B1, B2, B6, E, P, C, carotene, folic acid, sugars, citric, malic, salicylic and other acids, essential oils, tannins, flavonoids, trace elements - phosphorus, iron, aluminum, chromium, copper, manganese, potassium, magnesium, calcium, zinc, cobalt ...
Strawberries have tonic, anti-inflammatory, antispasmodic, astringent, sedative properties.
An infusion of strawberry leaves calms the nervous system, slows down the rhythm and strengthens the amplitude of heart contractions, expands and strengthens the blood vessels. One Art. a spoonful of dried leaves is poured over with 1 glass of water, boiled for 15-20 minutes. Cool, filter and drink during the day in equal portions.
Medieval famous doctor Van-Sweethen cured with consumption of strawberries. When the disease started, the doctor attributed to patients to eat a large number of berries within a month.
Carla Lynne with the help of strawberries managed to get rid of the painful gout. And Fontenel was sure that he lived for a long time only thanks to strawberries.
Traditional medicine treats hypertension, atherosclerosis, gastric ulcer and duodenal ulcer, liver disease, spleen, infectious jaundice, pulmonary tuberculosis, asthma, diabetes, neurasthenia ...
Outwardly strawberry treat bleeding and festering wounds. Brooks gargle with sore throat.
It is recommended to limit strawberries during pregnancy. You can not eat it with an open duodenal ulcer, with pancreatitis.
Strawberries are widely used in cooking for cooking jam, stewed fruit, making jelly, marmalade, jelly, jam, wine ...
For slimming juice, fresh fruit is used by 4-6 tablespoons per day.
Compress from infusions of strawberry leaves - an excellent face cleanser for any skin type. To clean the normal skin prepare strawberry lotion. Mix ½ cup of strawberry juice and 1 glass of vodka. The part that is going to use, diluted with boiled water 1: 1.
Strawberry Dry Skin Lotion. A handful of fresh strawberries without greens and tails stretch and pour 1 cup of warm boiled water. Insist 1-2 hours. Strain, add 1 teaspoon of glycerin and apply to cleanse the face in the morning and evening.
Strawberry masks whiten, rejuvenate, moisturize the skin and give it a beautiful matte finish. In addition, they dry up acne and tighten pores. 2 tbsp. spoon stretch strawberries, wrap in cheesecloth and put on face for 20 minutes. Wash with water at room temperature.
For softening and whitening hands. Mix 2 tbsp. spoons of strawberry juice, 1 tbsp. a spoon of honey, 1 tbsp. spoon cream. Apply with a brush on your hands. When it dries, another layer, then another, and so on until 4-6 layers. Wash off first with warm, then cool water and lubricate the hands with a nourishing cream.
Mask for the face. 1 tbsp. Mash a spoonful of strawberries, add 2 drops of lemon juice and 1 beaten protein.
A mixture of berries with egg white. Take 1 tbsp. spoonful of berries or 1 teaspoon of strawberry juice and whipped egg white, mix and apply on face for 15 minutes. Wash off with a tampon dipped in a warm brewing green tea. After 5 minutes wash with cool water.
The Chronicles retained information that noble medieval ladies took baths with the addition of strawberry juice in order to preserve their long youth, thus removing wilting time.
Mages claim that the dried flower of a forest strawberry, inserted between the pages of a love story, helps to find your soulmate.